How PIH is Addressing Coronavirus
PIH teams are currently working to minimize the potential impact of global health emergencies where we work, and to strengthen systems in the long term, the best defense in a public heath crisis.
March 5 Update from Dr. Sheila Davis, CEO
Dr. Sheila Davis, chief executive officer of Partners In Health, has been monitoring news of the novel coronavirus and its spread around the world, while planning for a swift and appropriate clinical response to the disease (COVID-19) across the 11 countries in which PIH works. She shares this update with the PIH community:
Yesterday, the World Health Organization announced a revised case fatality rate for the novel coronavirus. Previously, the virus appeared to kill between 2 and 4 percent of confirmed patients. Now, according to the WHO, COVID-19 kills 3.4 percent. Because the case fatality rate is based on those who test positive for the virus, there is still a level of uncertainty as to its accuracy, as it does not take into account the people whose symptoms were mild or didn’t seek care. Regardless of the absolute number, it is clear that COVID-19 is infectious and is spreading globally at an alarming rate. The increase in fatality rate and the geographic projections prompted the Director General to urge countries to improve efforts to contain the disease and protect health care workers.
We’re eager to heed this call, and are not surprised by it. We have been monitoring the COVID-19 crisis closely and are committed to responding in a way that aligns with our mission of providing a preferential option for the vulnerable—who, yet again, face the gravest risks. Currently, there are more than 94,000 cases reported globally, including in Chiapas, the southern state of Mexico where we work, and the Dominican Republic, which neighbors Haiti, the country where PIH was founded. The risk that the virus will infect our patients is very real.
Preparing for coronavirus
Our global clinicians and operations staff are working closely with their respective ministries of health to ensure preparedness in all the communities we serve. We are conferring with global health colleagues and experts within and outside of PIH to ensure that our organizational strategy and response is informed by the most up-to-date evidence.
Every day our staff is doing what they can with what they have. Infection control measures—including emphasis on handwashing and trainings on screening, diagnostics, and treatment—are the tools we have so far, but so much more is needed. The supply chain teams globally are working hard to secure supplies in an environment where shortages of masks, gloves, handwashing facilities, and other basic infection control measures are already prevalent—and predicted to get worse.
We are working to procure and validate tests on site, coordinate with global partners, and train staff to address the diagnostic gap within the countries where we work. Simultaneously, we are collaborating with our colleagues in various ministries of health to pinpoint the facilities that will be used to isolate patients who become ill with the disease. The challenges are immense, with all of this occurring within the larger context of sky-high rates of maternal mortality, kids stunted from malnutrition, and emergency rooms filled with trauma and those needing lifesaving surgeries.
Intensive care units, equipped with essentials such as ventilators for patients in respiratory distress, are critical to properly deal with complications resulting from COVID-19. These are woefully rare or completely absent in the countries where we work. Yet we are identifying hospitals, such as University Hospital in Mirebalais, Haiti, that are able to provide intensive care to the critically ill. Even in places where we have begun to build capacity in intensive care, there are too few beds, too few supplies, and too few trained staff to mount a robust response. In those locations that don’t have ICUs, we will provide aggressive supportive care as best we can without advanced equipment and capacity, and will continue to fight for more. Our clinicians want to provide the best care they can for their patients, regardless of whether they are in remote Harper, Liberia, or rural Chiapas, Mexico.
Facing dire circumstances
The current reported case fatality rate, whether 3.4 percent or not, cannot be used to predict how this virus will devastate many areas globally where there aren’t existing, functioning health systems that can respond to an aggressive infectious disease. The ability to mobilize hundreds of intensive care beds quickly and have the trained staff to care for those patients is just one piece of this puzzle. Reliable electricity, water, oxygen, and working equipment and a constant supply of gloves, masks, and soap are not a given. Enough housing and food for hundreds of staff and a functioning ambulance system to transport the sick are not the reality in most of the places PIH works.
We have been here before. From our experience with cholera, Ebola, and so many other infectious diseases, we know COVID-19 will prey on the most vulnerable—older people, those battling an underlying health challenge, and people without access to the best of modern medicine. Mortality will be far worse in the places where we work. And we refuse to abide by the notion that prevention and containment are the only appropriate approaches in low-resource countries. Our patients deserve a robust health system now, and all of the time. The gross inequities of health care become illuminated for many in times of crisis. But for our patients, this injustice has a daily impact regardless of the circulation of a novel pathogen.
PIH is readying for this assault, and we will do whatever we can to provide lifesaving treatment. This coronavirus epidemic is yet another challenge in our fight to find a cure for injustice. Our voice and efforts are needed on the global stage to continue to challenge the notion of containment only, and to offer an antidote to despair by providing the entire package of prevention, control, and treatment in the most vulnerable countries. Only by continuing to bolster health systems will we improve survival for our patients and communities.
February 13 Update from Dr. Patrick Ulysse, COO
As the Chief Operations Officer of Partners In Health, I am leading our preparations for the emerging coronavirus. I’ll make sure you stay informed as the response continues.
Here’s what is going on right now: Each of our country teams has started to coordinate preparations, and those teams most at risk of seeing transmission have been collaborating with local ministries of health and the World Health Organization. At this time, preparations include:
- Preparing isolation wards
- Establishing PIH clinics as potential reference facilities
- Identifying and quantifying supplies needed
- Ensuring a resilient supply chain
Viruses like this one hit impoverished countries hardest. I’ve seen it firsthand. Weak public health systems, which are the legacies of injustices dating back to colonialism, are especially vulnerable to epidemics like this coronavirus.
We know how to respond—with investments in local systems, the best of modern medicine, and equitable health care—these are the best tool for pandemic preparedness and response. We will continue to follow up with more details about our response. In the meantime, you can support our preparations for coronavirus and beyond with a monthly gift.
Thank you, as always, for your support.
Dr. Patrick Ulysse
Chief Operations Officer Partners In Health
January 31 PIH Statement on Coronavirus
Partners In Health acknowledges the World Health Organization’s declaration that the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
PIH teams are currently working with the governments and communities of the countries where we work to strengthen our ability to minimize the impact of the global health emergency of Coronavirus and to strengthen systems in the long term.
While PIH’s Leadership Council agrees that it is important to identify threats to the public health, our work with communities and governments of 11 countries around the world with the prevention, care, and treatment of many infectious diseases (including Ebola, HIV, TB, cholera, and Zika) has taught us that the provision of care as a human right is the most important aspect of infection control.
People will come forward for screening efforts if they believe they will be treated humanely. To do that, strong health systems are necessary. Our work in the prevention, control, and treatment of infectious diseases is guided by several key principles:
- 1) Engagement of the community—paid, trained and coordinated community health workers are vital to health education, case detection and linking people to care,
- 2) Support of the public provision of care and the strengthening of national, district and local response is necessary to improve the supply chain and to assure adequate human resources. PIH works tirelessly to support the public system because it knows that the public sector’s ability to respond to health threats is tied to the strength of its local health systems,
- 3) The provision of care for all diseases is a critical way of building trust in the system. Vertical efforts fail because they do not address the broad health needs of the population.