University Hospital in Haiti Earns Global Accreditation as Teaching Institution
University Hospital in Mirebalais, Haiti, received accreditation from an international oversight group this week, affirming that the hospital meets the highest global standards as a teaching institution—and causing Dr. Paul Farmer to reach for a seat.
“There’s a Haitian expression—news that demands a chair,” said Farmer, Partners In Health co-founder and chief strategist. “Usually it’s bad news, but this is truly exceptional. I have no way to express my gratitude and admiration to the Zanmi Lasante team. They have been tireless.”
PIH was founded in Haiti more than 30 years ago and is known in Haiti as Zanmi Lasante. The team opened University Hospital in Mirebalais in 2013, in collaboration with Haiti’s Ministry of Health. The 300-bed teaching hospital is home to residency programs in internal and family medicine, pediatrics, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, neurology, nurse anesthetists, and emergency medicine.
ACGME-I, the international arm of the U.S.-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, notified PIH of the institution’s accreditation this week, after a multi-year process and extensive analysis. University Hospital joins internationally accredited facilities in just seven other countries and is the first such facility in the Western Hemisphere, and the first in a low-income country.
Dr. Sterman Toussaint, director of medical education at University Hospital for Zanmi Lasante, emphasized that distinction.
“This is a big achievement,” he said. “Most of the time, institutions in high- and middle-income countries get access to accreditation—not institutions in low-income countries like Haiti. This is a reflection of the commitment of PIH and Zanmi Lasante to education.”
Toussaint noted that the accreditation application was due in September, during the height of recent political unrest in Haiti that essentially shut down the country.
“Despite all of that, we have been able to meet the standards,” he said. “PIH is committed to meeting the standards that everyone is meeting around the world.”
Dr. Edward Hundert, dean for medical education at Harvard Medical School and an advisor to PIH, praised the milestone.
“This achievement, of the internationally recognized highest standard for the educational programs at University Hospital, represents a truly wonderful validation of the years of hard work to build these programs, and of the outstanding quality of training that they represent,” he said. “This is exciting news not just for the hospital and the people who made it happen, but ultimately for all of the patients who will be cared for by the clinicians who train in these now ACGME-I accredited programs.”
Since the start of its medical education programs, Zanmi Lasante has graduated 123 residents, 98 percent of whom have remained to work in Haiti, including 58 percent at facilities supported by Zanmi Lasante. Another 116 residents are currently enrolled.
University Hospital's recognition this week is known as institutional accreditation. That process assessed the hospital's educational structure and setting, including everything from its educational mission to support for residents, committee oversight of educational programs, communication channels, patient-centered approach, and more. With that accreditation now in hand, the hospital team plans to apply in coming months for programmatic accreditation, which will more specifically assess medical education curriculum, faculty, and programs.
Dr. Mary Clisbee, administrator for graduate medical education at University Hospital, said the accreditation overall could bring many benefits, including a greater ability to attract and retain physicians from Haiti and abroad, who are seeking residencies at an accredited hospital.
“Now we have hard evidence that our programs here meet the highest educational standards—what we hope is that this will help in retaining physicians that, in the past, we’ve lost to other countries,” she said. Additionally, physicians from “other countries will be able to come here and do rotations in our hospital, because those rotations will meet those standards. There are mutually beneficial results of those exchanges.”
ACGME-I provides accreditation services to graduate medical education programs and institutions outside the U.S., to improve health care in the countries it serves. Within the U.S., ACGME is the accrediting body for the vast majority of teaching hospitals.
“No credible American medical school or teaching hospital functions without it,” Farmer said. “A lot of people didn’t believe that (a facility in) Haiti could do this.”
The accreditation comes during an emotional time in Haiti, which just marked the 10th year since the devastating earthquake of Jan. 12, 2010. University Hospital was built as a response to the earthquake and has since transformed health care for more than 1 million people across Haiti’s Central Plateau.
Farmer has been back and forth between Boston and Haiti over the past two weeks, speaking at commemoration ceremonies and sharing close, personal reflections with the Zanmi Lasante team.
“This is the best possible time for them to get that (accreditation) news,” he said.